Journalists and conflict of interest part two: Mainstream media ethics

amanda_lang.jpg.size.xxlarge.letterboxIn our current era of ‘new media,’ where everyone has a blog, including journalists and non-journalists, and some blogs get equal if not bigger audiences as mainstream media, the line between journalism and non-journalistic opinion is blurring. When I teach media relations, I usually say that journalists are subject to a code of ethics, and accountable to their editors and publishers, whereas bloggers are generally accountable only to their readers, so if people will read what they write, they can say what they want. In PR, we too have a code of ethics, although one need not subscribe to it if one is not a member of a PR association, which you don’t have to be in order to do communications. And now that we all have a forum (online) to publish opinions, it can be hard to tell if a writer is subject to one of these sets of rules or not.

So it’s perhaps not surprising that sometimes a conflict comes to light, where a journalist is accused of playing both sides of the fence. Even if it’s only the appearance of conflict, there is a public expectation of neutrality from mainstream media that seems to call for a higher standard of ethics. As with the situation where a PR agency tried to pay journalists working at mainstream media outlets to write favourable blog posts about a client, the ethical line isn’t always clear, but the public expectations on the ethics of mainstream journalism is clear.

Take the case of Amanda Lang, a business host on CBC TV, who was accused of being in conflict of interest on stories about RBC and the bank’s use of foreign workers because she has been paid by RBC to give speeches, and because her boyfriend is on the RBC board.

Unknown-2Lang was accused of interfering in the reporting of a big CBC news story, both at the network and through an op-ed she wrote in the Globe and Mail. While her take on the RBC story was more pro-RBC than the position of the reporting team at CBC’s Go Public, the real accusation is that her take on the story resulted because she has been paid by RBC for speeches, and because she’s dating someone at the bank. As the Globe and Mail summed up:

“At issue is a series of allegations… – denied by Lang and the CBC – first, that Lang had a number of paid speaking engagements for a corporation whose representatives she later interviewed in a softball manner on CBC; second, that Lang attempted to diminish CBC’s coverage of the revelation that Royal Bank of Canada was laying off Canadians and replacing them with foreign workers; and, third, that her involvement in the story was tainted by both personal and professional connections to RBC.”

Lang defended her actions and CBC backed her up, but the appearance of conflict still hangs over her. No one comes out and says RBC paid her directly to influence CBC’s coverage of the bank, but since they sponsored some of her speeches, from which she benefit financially, the implication is that she did exactly that. And that taint still follows her.  Google her name and the stories about the allegations of conflict are all over the first page of results. The Globe’s TV columnist called for her to resign.

“It’s time for Lang to get down off her high horse and go away. This is about the CBC’s reputation, not hers, which is already in tatters.”

The CBC took, and is still taking, flack for it’s defence of Lang. Part of the fallout for CBC, which is still facing public criticism of its handling of the Jian Ghomeshi situation, is that CBC has now banned its on-air journalists from accepting paid speaking gigs. At least now that’s clear, right?

Lang wrote another op-ed in the Globe to defend herself, and said:

lang“In retrospect, I see that I allowed this circumstance to develop, by assuming that my integrity would not be questioned if I accepted speaking fees from business associations and companies…I support CBC’s decision to change its policy, and I will no longer accept paid appearances, and in fact began refusing payment several weeks ago.”

So her thinking seems to have been that she knew she didn’t do anything wrong, so was shocked when anyone accused her of wrongdoing. Perhaps not her best approach at apologizing and regaining public trust.

But the real issue isn’t just about paid appearances, it’s about ethics and avoiding the appearance of conflict of interest, and how we hold mainstream media organizations and their journalists to a higher standard. A blogger might have been let off more easily, but not the CBC. Kathy Tomlinson, the reporter who broke the RBC story said:

“As a result of this, many people – including me – are asking one simple question. Why it is ever OK to have any perceived conflict of interest, under any circumstances? This is not about Amanda Lang. It is about the long standing belief most journalists have – that conflicts should be avoided at all costs or explicitly declared up front.”



Journalists and conflict of interest part one: Double dipping into the PR pond

leslie_roberts.jpg.size.xxlarge.letterboxFor those working in journalism, the leap to PR doesn’t seem like a big jump, since it’s the reverse side of the same coin, it’s still writing and storytelling, and many skills do transfer to PR. I know many ex-journalists who have crossed over, and many still in journalism eyeing the other side for future employment as mainstream media continues to downsize.

And many people today have more than one job. “Moonlighting” used to be a bad thing, but these days having more than one occupation shows our diversity, our entrepreneurship, or maybe just our need to pay the bills, and it’s generally not frowned upon unless there’s a conflict of interest.

Ah, there’s the rub. You can work for two different entities, but not if they’re competitors, or if the goals of one cross into the goals of the other. And when one of the hats you wear is being a journalist, moonlighting in PR can be a big problem, or at least be perceived to be a big problem.

So perhaps its not terribly surprising that journalists have gotten into some hot water recently when they were accused of dipping their toes into the PR market while still working for mainstream media.

Let’s look at Leslie Roberts, lost his on-air job at Global TV after the Toronto Star outed him for owning part of a PR agency whose clients were often given airtime. He thought he could work in PR and journalism at the same time, as long as he didn’t personally pitch stories to his network. Hmmm…

The Toronto Star (they do seem to be breaking a lot stories lately about media people messing up) found out that Roberts, who hosted Global’s News Hour and the Morning Show, and was the executive editor of Global News, owned part of BuzzPR, a Toronto PR agency. Their story points out numerous examples of Buzz clients being interviewed on Global, and even of Roberts himself plugging some Buzz clients.

Global apparently hadn’t known about Robert’s stake in a PR agency, and suspended him right away. The Star interviewed Roberts before his suspension, and he said he had done nothing wrong but would resign from BuzzPR, the public relations firm he owns with a partner.

“Roberts said his involvement in BuzzPR never interfered with his work as a newsman. He initially dismissed the PR work as similar to other jobs he has had in the field of journalism. “I am not a one-trick pony. I have always done freelance work.””

A week later, he quit the network. A former journalist, Tony Burman, said that there was probably no other way out.

“Mr. Roberts’s suspension should be “a warning bell too all news organizations” about a gradual “blurring of the line between journalism and PR…no amount of disclosure would make Mr. Roberts’s dual role acceptable.”

Other journalists and PR folk were appalled at the situation. And Global TV took a lot of heat for letting it happen.

tweet iaintweet 2Moonlighting may be okay for many industries, but there are lines you just don’t cross when it comes to mainstream media. PR people can’t pay reporters to write about their clients, and double dipping into PR while still in journalism is just not on, at least not as long as you still work for mainstream media.

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Lying to your PR firm is a good way to lose your PR firm

I was going to blog about something else this week, but the whole Jian Ghomeshi affair has had such an impact on the PR community this past week that anything I’d write about would pale in comparison. And just to get it out there up front, this post is about how PR professionals can only work with clients they can trust. I am not out to comment on the allegations, Ghomeshi himself, CBC or any other aspect of this situation.

jian-e1395685052198My view about the need to believe and trust those for whom we communicate seems to jive up with what most PR pros across Canada have been saying this week, ever since Ghomeshi was fired by the CBC because of allegations and public accusations of violence and sexual assault.

When the scandal first broke two weeks ago, Ghomeshi hired Navigator, a pricey crisis communications firm in Toronto to manage issues for him. Within a few days, though, media started reporting that they were being referred instead to rock-it promotions, a publicity firm that has handled Ghomeshi’s book publicity for a couple years. Then last Thursday, as more and more media reports of more women coming forward of stories about their encounters with Ghomeshi surfaced, both firms issued curt statements saying they no longer represented him. So to be clear, at first Ghomeshi had PR representation, then those representatives learned how he had lied to them, and they fired him. Or so says the Toronto Star, at least about Navigator.

“He lied to the firm,” said a source with knowledge of the situation.


According to the sources, until late Sunday night, Navigator was “buying (Ghomeshi’s) story” that it was a jilted ex-girlfriend who had manufactured lies that Ghomeshi was abusive. One source said the former CBC radio star had convinced the firm that there were no other allegations and there was nothing to be “concerned” about.


Then, as the Star reported between Monday and Thursday that at least eight women were making serious allegations of assault or sexual harassment against Ghomeshi, the firm decided at a series of meetings that it could not represent someone who, in their opinion, had lied.

Wow. But good for them. Lying to your PR firm is not going to get you good advice or representation. And in cases like this, it can get you fired by your PR firm.

But then yesterday, the Canadian Public Relations Society (CPRS) kinda stepped into the fray. They issued a statement about the Ghomeshi affair, saying:

As the Ghomeshi story unfolds, several news outlets and social media posts have recently portrayed public relations counsel as an interference that does disservice to the public interest. References to terms such as “PR exercise” and “spin” have been used, reinforcing a long outdated stereotype.


As the industry association representing public relations practitioners in Canada, the Canadian Public Relations Society adheres to the premise that everyone deserves public relations and communications counsel. (emphasis mine)


Regardless of the client, we aim to help them find a voice, gain visibility, build trust, strengthen relationships, and safeguard their reputation. Crucially, we pursue these goals with the firm belief that PR must always benefit and protect the public interest.

Um, really? I’m a member of CPRS, and I completely disagree with that statement. PR is not the legal system, and while in a legal court, every defendant is entitled to a vigorous defence, the same does not apply to the court of public opinion. Practicing ethical PR means we have to work with clients we can trust. I believe we have a right to choose for whom we communicate, and if a client can’t be trusted or has undertaken actions we cannot support, we have every right to deny them our public relations and communications counsel. I’ve seen and heard a bunch of discussions since this statement came out with senior PR folk (me included!) strongly disagreeing with the CPRS statement.

I applaud Navigator and rock-it promotions for having the cahones to sever relations with a client they could no longer believe or trust.

And as an aside, kudos to the PR pros who are helping some of the other players in this situation. I was impressed with this:

siri agrell

I hope they can trust her and tell her the truth and visa versa, because that’s the only way to get reliable, competent public relations and communications counsel.